Java is the technology of choice for building applications using managed code that can execute on mobile devices. Android is an open source software platform and Linux-based operating system for mobile devices. The Android platform allows developers to write managed code using Java to manage and control the Android device. Android applications can be developed by using the Java programming language and the Android SDK. So, familiarity with the basics of the Java programming language is a prerequisite for programming on the Android platform. This article discusses where Java fits in mobile application development and how we can use Java and Android SDK to write applications that can work on Android devices.
Using Java for Building Mobile Applications
The mobile edition of Java is called Java ME. Java ME is based on Java SE and is supported by most smartphones and tablets. The Java Platform Micro Edition (Java ME) provides a flexible, secure environment for building and executing applications that are targeted at embedded and mobile devices. The applications that are built using Java ME are portable, secure, and can take advantage of the native capabilities of the device. Java ME addresses the constraints that are involved in building applications that are targeted at mobile devices. In essence, Java ME addresses the challenge of executing applications on devices that are low on available memory, display, and power. There are various ways to build applications for Android devices, but the recommended approach is to leverage the Java programming language and the Android SDK. You can explore more about the Android SDK Manager from here.